After studying Veterinary Medicine at the University of Liège, Anne Van de Broeke began her career in research with a doctoral thesis under the supervision of Professor Arsène Burny (ULB and Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech) and Professor Paul-Pierre Pastoret, at that time Director of the Immunology and Vaccinology Laboratory at ULg. The young scientist's work addressed bovine leukaemia virus-induced tumorigenesis, using sheep as an animal model. Having received her PhD degree in 1991, Van den Broeke went on to conduct a post-doctorate at the National Institute for Veterinary Research (today known as CERVA/CODA) at Uccle until 1996. Professor Arsène Burny then offered her a position at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) to continue her research into ovine leukaemia. In 2000, she joined the Experimental Haematology lab of the Bordet Institute in the same university, where she continues to work. In 2011, she joined Michel Georges' Animal Genomics group in GIGA (University of Liège).